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300-175 DCUCI Implementing Cisco Data Center Unified Computing

Exam Number 300-175 DCUCI
Associated Certifications CCNP Data Center
Duration 90 minutes (60-70 questions)
Available Languages English
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This exam tests a candidate’s knowledge of implementing data center technologies including unified computing, unified computing maintenance and operations, automation, unified computing security, and unified computing storage.

Exam Description
The Implementing Cisco Data Center Unified Computing (DCUCI) exam (300-175) is a 90-minute, 60–70 question assessment. This exam is one of the exams associated with the CCNP Datacenter Certification. This exam tests a candidate’s knowledge of implementing Cisco data center technologies including unified computing, unified computing maintenance and operations, automation, unified computing security, and unified computing storage. The course, Implementing Cisco Data Center Unified Computing v6 (DCUCI), helps candidates to prepare for this exam because the content is aligned with the exam topics.

The following topics are general guidelines for the content likely to be included on the exam. However, other related topics may also appear on any specific delivery of the exam. In order to better reflect the contents of the exam and for clarity purposes, the guidelines below may change at any time without notice.

1.0 Implement Cisco Unified Computing 28%

1.1 Install Cisco Unified Computing platforms
1.1.a Stand-alone computing
1.1.b Chassis / blade
1.1.c Modular / server cartridges
1.1.d Server integration

1.2 Implement server abstraction technologies
1.2.a Service profiles
1.2.a [i] Pools
1.2.a [ii] Policies
1.2.a [ii].1 Connectivity
1.2.a [ii].2 Placement policy
1.2.a [ii].3 Remote boot policies
1.2.a [iii] Templates
1.2.a [iii].1 Policy hierarchy
1.2.a [iii].2 Initial vs updating

2.0 Unified Computing Maintenance and Operations 20%

2.1 Implement firmware upgrades, packages, and interoperability

2.2 Implement backup operations

2.3 Implement monitoring

2.3.a Logging
2.3.b SNMP
2.3.c Call Home
2.3.d NetFlow
2.3.e Monitoring session

3.0 Automation 12%

3.1 Implement integration of centralized management

3.2 Compare and contrast different scripting tools

3.2.a SDK
3.2.b XML

4.0 Unified Computing Security 13%

4.1 Implement AAA and RBAC

4.2 Implement key management

5.0 Unified Computing Storage 27%

5.1 Implement iSCSI

5.1.a Multipath
5.1.b Addressing schemes

5.2 Implement Fibre Channel port channels

5.3 Implement Fibre Channel protocol services

5.3.a Zoning
5.3.b Device alias
5.3.c VSAN

5.4 Implement FCoE

5.4.a FIP
5.4.b FCoE topologies
5.4.c DCB

5.5 Implement boot from SAN

5.5.a FCoE / Fiber Channel
5.5.b iSCSI

QUESTION 3 – (Topic 1)
Which two statements are true concerning authorization when using RBAC in a Cisco Unified Computing System? (Choose two.)

A. A locale without any organizations, allows unrestricted access to system resources in all organizations.
B. When a user has both local and remote accounts, the roles defined in the remote user account override those in the local user account.
C. A role contains a set of privileges which define the operations that a user is allowed to take.
D. Customized roles can be configured on and downloaded from remote AAA servers.
E. The logical resources, pools and policies, are grouped into roles.

Answer: C,E

QUESTION 4 – (Topic 1)
Which actions must be taken in order to connect a NetApp FCoE storage system to a Cisco UCS system?

A. Ensure that the Fibre Channel switching mode is set to Switching, and use the Fibre Channel ports on the Fabric Interconnects.
B. Ensure that the Fibre Channel switching mode is set to Switching, and reconfigure the port to a FCoE Storage port.
C. Ensure that the Fibre Channel switching mode is set to End-Host, and use the Ethernet ports on the Fabric interconnects.
D. Ensure that the Fibre Channel switching mode is set to Switching, and use the Ethernet ports on the Fabric Interconnects.

Answer: A

QUESTION 5 – (Topic 1)
Which two protocols are accepted by the Cisco UCS Manager XML API? (Choose two.)


Answer: A,E

QUESTION 6 – (Topic 1)
An Cisco UCS Administrator is planning to complete a firmware upgrade using Auto install. Which two options are prerequisites to run Auto Install? (Choose two.)

A. minor fault fixing
B. configuration backup
C. service profiles unmounted from the blade servers
D. time synchronization
E. fault suppression started on the blade servers

Answer: A,B

QUESTION 7 – (Topic 1)
Which two prerequisites are required to configure a SAN boot from the FCoE storage of a Cisco UCS system? (Choose two.)

A. The Cisco UCS domain must be able to communicate with the SAN storage device that hosts the operating system image.
B. A boot policy must be created that contains a local disk, and the LVM must be configured correctly.
C. There must be iVR-enabled FCoE proxying between the Cisco UCS domain and the SAN storage device that hosts the operating system image.
D. There must be a boot target LUN on the device where the operating system image is
E. There must be a boot target RAID on the device where the operating system image is located.

Answer: C,D

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200-150 DCICN Introducing Cisco Data Center Networking

Exam Number 200-150 DCICN
Associated Certifications CCNA Data Center
Duration 90 minutes (55 – 65 questions)
Available Languages English

This exam tests a candidate’s knowledge of data center physical infrastructure, data center networking concepts, and data center storage networking. The course, Introducing Cisco Data Center Networking v6 (DCICN), will help candidates prepare for this exam, as the content is aligned with the exam topics.

Exam Description
The Introducing Cisco Data Center Networking (DCICN) exam (200-150) is a 90-minute, 55–65 question assessment. This exam is one of the exams associated with the CCNA Data Center Certification. This exam tests a candidate’s knowledge of data center physical infrastructure, data center networking concepts, and data center storage networking. The course, Introducing Cisco Data Center Networking v6 (DCICN), will help candidates prepare for this exam, as the content is aligned with the exam topics.

The following topics are general guidelines for the content likely to be included on the exam. However, other related topics may also appear on any specific delivery of the exam. In order to better reflect the contents of the exam and for clarity purposes, the guidelines below may change at any time without notice.

1.0 Data Center Physical Infrastructure 15%
1.1 Describe different types of cabling, uses, and limitations
1.2 Describe different types of transceivers, uses, and limitations
1.3 Identify physical components of a server and perform basic troubleshooting
1.4 Identify physical port roles
1.5 Describe power redundancy modes

2.0 Basic Data Center Networking Concepts 23%
2.1 Compare and contrast the OSI and the TCP/IP models

2.2 Describe classic Ethernet fundamentals
2.2.a Forward
2.2.b Filter
2.2.c Flood
2.2.d MAC address table

2.3 Describe switching concepts and perform basic configuration

2.3.a STP
2.3.b 802.1q
2.3.c Port channels
2.3.d Neighbor discovery
2.3.d [i] CDP
2.3.d [ii] LLDP
2.3.e Storm control

3.0 Advanced Data Center Networking Concepts 23%

3.1 Basic routing operations

3.1.a Explain and demonstrate IPv4/IPv6 addressing
3.1.b Compare and contrast static and dynamic routing
3.1.c Perform basic configuration of SVI/routed interfaces

3.2 Compare and contrast the First Hop Redundancy Protocols
3.2.a VRRP
3.2.b GLBP
3.2.c HSRP

3.3 Compare and contrast common data center network architectures
3.3.a 2 Tier
3.3.b 3 Tier
3.3.c Spine-leaf

3.4 Describe the use of access control lists to perform basic traffic filtering

3.5 Describe the basic concepts and components of authentication, authorization, and accounting

4.0 Basic Data Center Storage 19%

4.1 Differentiate between file and block based storage protocols

4.2 Describe the roles of FC/FCoE port types

4.3 Describe the purpose of a VSAN

4.4 Describe the addressing model of block based storage protocols
4.4.a FC
4.4.b iSCSI

5.0 Advanced Data Center Storage 20%

5.1 Describe FCoE concepts and operations

5.1.a Encapsulation
5.1.b DCB
5.1.c vFC
5.1.d Topologies
5.1.d [i] Single hop
5.1.d [ii] Multihop
5.1.d [iii] Dynamic

5.2 Describe Node Port Virtualization

5.3 Describe zone types and their uses

5.4 Verify the communication between the initiator and target
5.4.a FLOGI
5.4.b FCNS
5.4.c active zone set

Which two options describe Junctions of the data center aggregation layer? (Choose two)

A. services layer
B. high-speed packet switching O repeater
C. access control
D. QoS marking

Answer: AC

Which two options are valid VTP commands? {Choose two)

A. feature vtp
B. vtp client mode
C. vtp VLAN
D. vtp version
E. vtp static

Answer: A,D

Which two features must be licensed on a Cisco Nexus 7000 Switch? (Choose two)

A. Virtual Port Channel
B. Layer 3
C. Virtual Device Contexts
E. Fibre Channel

Answer: BC

Which two options are multicast addresses? (Choose two.)

A. FD00::2
C. FF05::2

Answer: CE

What is the minimum number of fabric modules that should be installed in the Cisco Ne*js 7000 chassis for N 1 redundancy using Ml-Series line card?

A. 3
B. 4
C. 5
D. 6

Answer: A

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200-125 CCNA Cisco Certified Network Associate Exam

Exam Number 200-125 CCNA
Associated Certifications CCNA Routing and Switching
Duration 90 Minutes (50-60 questions)
Available Languages English, Japanese

This exam tests a candidate’s knowledge and skills related to network fundamentals, LAN switching technologies, IPv4 and IPv6 routing technologies, WAN technologies, infrastructure services, infrastructure security, and infrastructure management.

The Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA) Routing and Switching composite exam (200-125) is a 90-minute, 50–60 question assessment that is associated with the CCNA Routing and Switching certification. This exam tests a candidate’s knowledge and skills related to network fundamentals, LAN switching technologies, IPv4 and IPv6 routing technologies, WAN technologies, infrastructure services, infrastructure security, and infrastructure management.

The following topics are general guidelines for the content likely to be included on the exam. However, other related topics may also appear on any specific delivery of the exam. In order to better reflect the contents of the exam and for clarity purposes, the guidelines below may change at any time without notice.

Subscribe to Cisco Learning Network Premium and access the most comprehensive e-learning training, resources and tools you’ll need to prepare for your CCENT, CCNA and CCNP Routing and Switching certifications.

1.0 Network Fundamentals 15%

1.1 Compare and contrast OSI and TCP/IP models

1.2 Compare and contrast TCP and UDP protocols

1.3 Describe the impact of infrastructure components in an enterprise network

1.3.a Firewalls
1.3.b Access points
1.3.c Wireless controllers

1.4 Describe the effects of cloud resources on enterprise network architecture

1.4.a Traffic path to internal and external cloud services
1.4.b Virtual services
1.4.c Basic virtual network infrastructure

1.5 Compare and contrast collapsed core and three-tier architectures

1.6 Compare and contrast network topologies

1.6.a Star
1.6.b Mesh
1.6.c Hybrid

1.7 Select the appropriate cabling type based on implementation requirements

1.8 Apply troubleshooting methodologies to resolve problems

1.8.a Perform and document fault isolation
1.8.b Resolve or escalate
1.8.c Verify and monitor resolution

1.9 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot IPv4 addressing and subnetting

1.10 Compare and contrast IPv4 address types

1.10.a Unicast
1.10.b Broadcast
1.10.c Multicast

1.11 Describe the need for private IPv4 addressing

1.12 Identify the appropriate IPv6 addressing scheme to satisfy addressing requirements in a LAN/WAN environment

1.13 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot IPv6 addressing

1.14 Configure and verify IPv6 Stateless Address Auto Configuration

1.15 Compare and contrast IPv6 address types

1.15.a Global unicast
1.15.b Unique local
1.15.c Link local
1.15.d Multicast
1.15.e Modified EUI 64
1.15.f Autoconfiguration
1.15.g Anycast

2.0 LAN Switching Technologies 21%

2.1 Describe and verify switching concepts

2.1.a MAC learning and aging
2.1.b Frame switching
2.1.c Frame flooding
2.1.d MAC address table

2.2 Interpret Ethernet frame format

2.3 Troubleshoot interface and cable issues (collisions, errors, duplex, speed)

2.4 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot VLANs (normal/extended range) spanning multiple switches

2.4.a Access ports (data and voice)
2.4.b Default VLAN

2.5 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot interswitch connectivity

2.5.a Trunk ports
2.5.b Add and remove VLANs on a trunk
2.5.c DTP, VTP (v1&v2), and 802.1Q
2.5.d Native VLAN

2.6 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot STP protocols

2.6.a STP mode (PVST+ and RPVST+)
2.6.b STP root bridge selection

2.7 Configure, verify and troubleshoot STP related optional features

2.7.a PortFast
2.7.b BPDU guard

2.8 Configure and verify Layer 2 protocols

2.8.a Cisco Discovery Protocol
2.8.b LLDP

2.9 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot (Layer 2/Layer 3) EtherChannel

2.9.a Static
2.9.b PAGP
2.9.c LACP

2.10 Describe the benefits of switch stacking and chassis aggregation

3.0 Routing Technologies 23%

3.1 Describe the routing concepts

3.1.a Packet handling along the path through a network
3.1.b Forwarding decision based on route lookup
3.1.c Frame rewrite

3.2 Interpret the components of a routing table

3.2.a Prefix
3.2.b Network mask
3.2.c Next hop
3.2.d Routing protocol code
3.2.e Administrative distance
3.2.f Metric
3.2.g Gateway of last resort

3.3 Describe how a routing table is populated by different routing information sources

3.3.a Admin distance

3.4 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot inter-VLAN routing

3.4.a Router on a stick
3.4.b SVI

3.5 Compare and contrast static routing and dynamic routing

3.6 Compare and contrast distance vector and link state routing protocols

3.7 Compare and contrast interior and exterior routing protocols

3.8 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot IPv4 and IPv6 static routing

3.8.a Default route
3.8.b Network route
3.8.c Host route
3.8.d Floating static

3.9 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot single area and multi-area OSPFv2 for IPv4 (excluding authentication, filtering, manual summarization, redistribution, stub, virtual-link, and LSAs)

3.10 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot single area and multi-area OSPFv3 for IPv6 (excluding authentication, filtering, manual summarization, redistribution, stub, virtual-link, and LSAs)

3.11 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot EIGRP for IPv4 (excluding authentication, filtering, manual summarization, redistribution, stub)

3.12 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot EIGRP for IPv6 (excluding authentication, filtering, manual summarization, redistribution, stub)

3.13 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot RIPv2 for IPv4 (excluding authentication, filtering, manual summarization, redistribution)

3.14 Troubleshoot basic Layer 3 end-to-end connectivity issues

4.0 WAN Technologies 10%

4.1 Configure and verify PPP and MLPPP on WAN interfaces using local authentication

4.2 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot PPPoE client-side interfaces using local authentication

4.3 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot GRE tunnel connectivity

4.4 Describe WAN topology options

4.4.a Point-to-point
4.4.b Hub and spoke
4.4.c Full mesh
4.4.d Single vs dual-homed

4.5 Describe WAN access connectivity options

4.5.a MPLS
4.5.b Metro Ethernet
4.5.c Broadband PPPoE
4.5.d Internet VPN (DMVPN, site-to-site VPN, client VPN)

4.6 Configure and verify single-homed branch connectivity using eBGP IPv4 (limited to peering and route advertisement using Network command only)

4.7 Describe basic QoS concepts

4.7.a Marking
4.7.b Device trust
4.7.c Prioritization
4.7.c. [i] Voice
4.7.c. [ii] Video
4.7.c. [iii] Data
4.7.d Shaping
4.7.e Policing
4.7.f Congestion management

5.0 Infrastructure Services 10%

5.1 Describe DNS lookup operation

5.2 Troubleshoot client connectivity issues involving DNS

5.3 Configure and verify DHCP on a router (excluding static reservations)

5.3.a Server
5.3.b Relay
5.3.c Client
5.3.d TFTP, DNS, and gateway options

5.4 Troubleshoot client- and router-based DHCP connectivity issues

5.5 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot basic HSRP

5.5.a Priority
5.5.b Preemption
5.5.c Version

5.6 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot inside source NAT

5.6.a Static
5.6.b Pool
5.6.c PAT

5.7 Configure and verify NTP operating in a client/server mode

6.0 Infrastructure Security 11%

6.1 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot port security

6.1.a Static
6.1.b Dynamic
6.1.c Sticky
6.1.d Max MAC addresses
6.1.e Violation actions
6.1.f Err-disable recovery

6.2 Describe common access layer threat mitigation techniques

6.2.a 802.1x
6.2.b DHCP snooping
6.2.c Nondefault native VLAN

6.3 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot IPv4 and IPv6 access list for traffic filtering

6.3.a Standard
6.3.b Extended
6.3.c Named

6.4 Verify ACLs using the APIC-EM Path Trace ACL analysis tool

6.5 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot basic device hardening

6.5.a Local authentication
6.5.b Secure password
6.5.c Access to device
6.5.c. [i] Source address
6.5.c. [ii] Telnet/SSH
6.5.d Login banner

6.6 Describe device security using AAA with TACACS+ and RADIUS

7.0 Infrastructure Management 10%

7.1 Configure and verify device-monitoring protocols

7.1.a SNMPv2
7.1.b SNMPv3
7.1.c Syslog

7.2 Troubleshoot network connectivity issues using ICMP echo-based IP SLA

7.3 Configure and verify device management

7.3.a Backup and restore device configuration
7.3.b Using Cisco Discovery Protocol or LLDP for device discovery
7.3.c Licensing
7.3.d Logging
7.3.e Timezone
7.3.f Loopback

7.4 Configure and verify initial device configuration

7.5 Perform device maintenance

7.5.a Cisco IOS upgrades and recovery (SCP, FTP, TFTP, and MD5 verify)
7.5.b Password recovery and configuration register
7.5.c File system management

7.6 Use Cisco IOS tools to troubleshoot and resolve problems

7.6.a Ping and traceroute with extended option
7.6.b Terminal monitor
7.6.c Log events
7.6.d Local SPAN

7.7 Describe network programmability in enterprise network architecture

7.7.a Function of a controller
7.7.b Separation of control plane and data plane
7.7.c Northbound and southbound APIs
Which layer in the OSI reference model is responsible for determining the availability of the receMng
program and checking to see if enough resources exist for that communication?

A. transport
B. network
C. presentation
D. session
E. application

Answer: E

Which of the following describes the roles of devices in a WAN? (Choose three.)

A. A CSU/DSU terminates a digital local loop.
B. A modem terminates a digital local loop.
C. A CSU/DSU terminates an analog local loop.
D. A modem terminates an analog local loop.
E. A router is commonly considered a DTE device.
F. A router is commonly considered a DCE device.

Answer: A, D, E

A network interface port has collision detection and carrier sensing enabled on a shared twisted pair
network. From this statement, what is known about the network interface port?

A. This is a 10 Mb/s switch port.
B. This is a 100 Mb/s switch port.
C. This is an Ethernet port operating at half duplex.
D. This is an Ethernet port operating at full duplex.
E. This is a port on a network interface card in a PC.

Answer: C

A receMng host computes the checksum on a frame and determines that the frame is damaged. The
frame is then discarded. At which OSI layer did this happen?

A. session
B. transport
C. network
D. data link
E. physical

Answer: D

Which of the following correctly describe steps in the OSI data encapsulation process? (Choose two.)

A. The transport layer dMdes a data stream into segments and may add reliability and flow control
B. The data link layer adds physical source and destination addresses and an FCS to the segment.
C. Packets are created when the network layer encapsulates a frame with source and destination host
addresses and protocol-related control information.
D. Packets are created when the network layer adds Layer 3 addresses and control information to a
E. The presentation layer translates bits into voltages for transmission across the physical link.

Answer: A, D

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400-251 CCIE Security

Exam Number 400-251 CCIE Security
Associated Certifications CCIE Security
Duration 120 minutes (90 – 110 questions)
Available Languages English

The written exam validates experts who have the knowledge and skills to architect, engineer, implement, troubleshoot, and support the full suite of Cisco security technologies and solutions using the latest industry best practices to secure systems and environments against modern security risks, threats, vulnerabilities, and requirements.

Topics include network functionality and security-related concepts and best practices, as well as Cisco network security products, solutions, and technologies in areas such as next generation intrusion prevention, next generation firewalls, identity services, policy management, device hardening, and malware protection.

The written exam utilizes the unified exam topics which includes emerging technologies, such as Cloud, Network Programmability (SDN), and Internet of Things (IoT).

The CCIE Security Version 5.0 exam unifies written and lab exam topics documents into a unique curriculum, while explicitly disclosing which domains pertain to which exam, and the relative weight of each domain.

The Cisco CCIE Security Written Exam (400-251) version 5.0 is a two-hour test with 90–110 questions that validate professionals who have the expertise to describe, design, implement, operate, and troubleshoot complex security technologies and solutions. Candidates must understand the requirements of network security, how different components interoperate, and translate it into the device configurations. The exam is closed book and no outside reference materials are allowed.

The Cisco CCIE Security Lab Exam version 5.0 is an eight-hour, hands-on exam that requires a candidate to plan, design, implement, operate, and troubleshoot complex security scenarios for a given specification. Knowledge of troubleshooting is an important skill and candidates are expected to diagnose and solve issues as part of the CCIE lab exam.

The following topics are general guidelines for the content likely to be included on the exam. However, other related topics may also appear on any specific delivery of the exam. In order to better reflect the contents of the exam and for clarity purposes, the guidelines below may change at any time without notice.

1.0 Perimeter Security and Intrusion Prevention 21%

1.1 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot HA features on Cisco ASA and Cisco FirePOWER Threat Defense (FTD)

1.2 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot clustering on Cisco ASA and Cisco FTD

1.3 Describe, implement, troubleshoot, and secure routing protocols on Cisco ASA and Cisco FTD

1.4 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot different deployment modes such as routed, transparent, single, and multicontext on Cisco ASA and Cisco FTD

1.5 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot firewall features such as NAT (v4,v6), PAT, application inspection, traffic zones, policy-based routing, traffic redirection to service modules, and identity firewall on Cisco ASA and Cisco FTD

1.6 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot IOS security features such as Zone-Based Firewall (ZBF), application layer inspection, NAT (v4,v6), PAT and TCP intercept on Cisco IOS/IOS-XE

1.7 Describe, implement, optimize, and troubleshoot policies and rules for traffic control on Cisco ASA, Cisco FirePOWER and Cisco FTD

1.8 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot Cisco Firepower Management Center (FMC) features such as alerting, logging, and reporting

1.9 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot correlation and remediation rules on Cisco FMC

1.10 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot Cisco FirePOWER and Cisco FTD deployment such as in-line, passive, and TAP modes

1.11 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot Next Generation Firewall (NGFW) features such as SSL inspection, user identity, geolocation, and AVC (Firepower appliance)

1.12 Describe, detect, and mitigate common types of attacks such as DoS/DDoS, evasion techniques, spoofing, man-in-the-middle, and botnet

2.0 Advanced Threat Protection and Content Security 17%

2.1 Compare and contrast different AMP solutions including public and private cloud deployment models

2.2 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot AMP for networks, AMP for endpoints, and AMP for content security (CWS, ESA, and WSA)

2.3 Detect, analyze, and mitigate malware incidents

2.4 Describe the benefit of threat intelligence provided by AMP Threat GRID

2.5 Perform packet capture and analysis using Wireshark, tcpdump, SPAN, and RSPAN

2.6 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot web filtering, user identification, and Application Visibility and Control (AVC)

2.7 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot mail policies, DLP, email quarantines, and SenderBase on ESA

2.8 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot SMTP authentication such as SPF and DKIM on ESA

2.9 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot SMTP encryption on ESA

2.10 Compare and contrast different LDAP query types on ESA

2.11 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot WCCP redirection

2.12 Compare and contrast different proxy methods such as SOCKS, Auto proxy/WPAD, and transparent

2.13 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot HTTPS decryption and DLP

2.14 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot CWS connectors on Cisco IOS routers, Cisco ASA, Cisco AnyConnect, and WSA

2.15 Describe the security benefits of leveraging the OpenDNS solution.

2.16 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot SMA for centralized content security management

2.17 Describe the security benefits of leveraging Lancope

3.0 Secure Connectivity and Segmentation 17%

3.1 Compare and contrast cryptographic and hash algorithms such as AES, DES, 3DES, ECC, SHA, and MD5

3.2 Compare and contrast security protocols such as ISAKMP/IKEv1, IKEv2, SSL, TLS/DTLS, ESP, AH, SAP, and MKA

3.3 Describe, implementc and troubleshoot remote access VPN using technologies such as FLEXVPN, SSL-VPN between Cisco firewalls, routers, and end hosts

3.4 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot the Cisco IOS CA for VPN authentication

3.5 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot clientless SSL VPN technologies with DAP and smart tunnels on Cisco ASA and Cisco FTD

3.6 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot site-to-site VPNs such as GETVPN, DMVPN and IPsec

3.7 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot uplink and downlink MACsec (802.1AE)

3.8 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot VPN high availability using Cisco ASA VPN clustering and dual-hub DMVPN deployments

3.9 Describe the functions and security implications of cryptographic protocols such as AES, DES, 3DES, ECC, SHA, MD5, ISAKMP/IKEv1, IKEv2, SSL, TLS/DTLS, ESP, AH, SAP, MKA, RSA, SCEP/EST, GDOI, X.509, WPA, WPA2, WEP, and TKIP

3.10 Describe the security benefits of network segmentation and isolation

3.11 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot VRF-Lite and VRF-Aware VPN

3.12 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot microsegmentation with TrustSec using SGT and SXP

3.13 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot infrastructure segmentation methods such as VLAN, PVLAN, and GRE

3.14 Describe the functionality of Cisco VSG used to secure virtual environments

3.15 Describe the security benefits of data center segmentation using ACI, EVPN, VXLAN, and NVGRE

4.0 Identity Management, Information Exchange, and Access Control 22%

4.1 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot various personas of ISE in a multinode deployment

4.2 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot network access device (NAD), ISE, and ACS configuration for AAA

4.3 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot AAA for administrative access to Cisco network devices using ISE and ACS

4.4 Describe, implement, verify, and troubleshoot AAA for network access with 802.1X and MAB using ISE.

4.5 Describe, implement, verify, and troubleshoot cut-through proxy/auth-proxy using ISE as the AAA server

4.6 Describe, implement, verify, and troubleshoot guest life cycle management using ISE and Cisco network infrastructure

4.7 Describe, implement, verify, and troubleshoot BYOD on-boarding and network access flows with an internal or external CA

4.8 Describe, implement, verify, and troubleshoot ISE and ACS integration with external identity sources such as LDAP, AD, and external RADIUS

4.9 Describe ISE and ACS integration with external identity sources such as RADIUS Token, RSA SecurID, and SAML

4.10 Describe, implement, verify, and troubleshoot provisioning of AnyConnect with ISE and ASA

4.11 Describe, implement, verify, and troubleshoot posture assessment with ISE

4.12 Describe, implement, verify, and troubleshoot endpoint profiling using ISE and Cisco network infrastructure including device sensor

4.13 Describe, implement, verify, and troubleshoot integration of MDM with ISE

4.14 Describe, implement, verify, and troubleshoot certificate based authentication using ISE

4.15 Describe, implement, verify, and troubleshoot authentication methods such as EAP Chaining and Machine Access Restriction (MAR)

4.16 Describe the functions and security implications of AAA protocols such as RADIUS, TACACS+, LDAP/LDAPS, EAP (EAP-PEAP, EAP-TLS, EAP-TTLS, EAP-FAST, EAP-TEAP, EAP- MD5, EAP-GTC), PAP, CHAP, and MS-CHAPv2

4.17 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot identity mapping on ASA, ISE, WSA and FirePOWER

4.18 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot pxGrid between security devices such as WSA, ISE, and Cisco FMC

5.0 Infrastructure Security, Virtualization, and Automation 13%

5.1 Identify common attacks such as Smurf, VLAN hopping, and SYNful knock, and their mitigation techniques

5.2 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot device hardening techniques and control plane protection methods, such as CoPP and IP Source routing.

5.3 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot management plane protection techniques such as CPU and memory thresholding and securing device access

5.4 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot data plane protection techniques such as iACLs, uRPF, QoS, and RTBH

5.5 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot IPv4/v6 routing protocols security

5.6 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot Layer 2 security techniques such as DAI, IPDT, STP security, port security, DHCP snooping, and VACL

5.7 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot wireless security technologies such as WPA, WPA2, TKIP, and AES

5.8 Describe wireless security concepts such as FLEX Connect, wIPS, ANCHOR, Rogue AP, and Management Frame Protection (MFP)

5.9 Describe, implement, and troubleshoot monitoring protocols such as NETFLOW/IPFIX, SNMP, SYSLOG, RMON, NSEL, and eSTREAMER

5.10 Describe the functions and security implications of application protocols such as SSH, TELNET, TFTP, HTTP/HTTPS, SCP, SFTP/FTP, PGP, DNS/DNSSEC, NTP, and DHCP

5.11 Describe the functions and security implications of network protocols such as VTP, 802.1Q, TCP/UDP, CDP, LACP/PAgP, BGP, EIGRP, OSPF/OSPFv3, RIP/RIPng, IGMP/CGMP, PIM, IPv6, and WCCP

5.12 Describe the benefits of virtualizing security functions in the data center using ASAv, WSAv, ESAv, and NGIPSv

5.13 Describe the security principles of ACI such as object models, endpoint groups, policy enforcement, application network profiles, and contracts

5.14 Describe the northbound and southbound APIs of SDN controllers such as APIC-EM

5.15 Identify and implement security features to comply with organizational security policies, procedures, and standards such as BCP 38, ISO 27001, RFC 2827, and PCI-DSS

5.16 Describe and identify key threats to different places in the network (campus, data center, core, edge) as described in Cisco SAFE

5.17 Validate network security design for adherence to Cisco SAFE recommended practices

5.18 Interpret basic scripts that can retrieve and send data using RESTful API calls in scripting languages such as Python

5.19 Describe Cisco Digital Network Architecture (DNA) principles and components.

6.0 Evolving Technologies 10%

6.1 Cloud

6.1.a Compare and contrast Cloud deployment models
6.1.a [i] Infrastructure, platform, and software services (XaaS)
6.1.a [ii] Performance and reliability
6.1.a [iii] Security and privacy
6.1.a [iv] Scalability and interoperability
6.1.b Describe Cloud implementations and operations
6.1.b [i] Automation and orchestration
6.1.b [ii] Workload mobility
6.1.b [iii] Troubleshooting and management
6.1.b [iv] OpenStack components

6.2 Network Programmability (SDN)

6.2.a Describe functional elements of network programmability (SDN) and how they interact
6.2.a [i] Controllers
6.2.a [ii] APIs
6.2.a [iii] Scripting
6.2.a [iv] Agents
6.2.a [v] Northbound vs. Southbound protocols
6.2.b Describe aspects of virtualization and automation in network environments
6.2.b [i] DevOps methodologies, tools and workflows
6.2.b [ii] Network/application function virtualization (NFV, AFV)
6.2.b [iii] Service function chaining
6.2.b [iv] Performance, availability, and scaling considerations

6.3 Internet of Things (IoT)

6.3.a Describe architectural framework and deployment considerations for Internet of Things
6.3.a [i] Performance, reliability and scalability
6.3.a [ii] Mobility
6.3.a [iii] Security and privacy
6.3.a [iv] Standards and compliance
6.3.a [v] Migration
6.3.a [vi] Environmental impacts on the network

According IS027001 ISIVIS, which of the following are mandatory documents? (Choose 4)

A. ISNIS Policy
B. Corrective Action Procedure
C. IS Procedures
D. Risk Assessment Reports
E. Complete Inventory of all information assets

Answer: A, B, C, D

Which two statements describe the Cisco TrustSec system correctly? (Choose two.)

A. The Cisco TrustSec system is a partner program, where Cisco certifies third-party security products as
extensions to the secure infrastructure.
B. The Cisco TrustSec system is an approach to certifying multimedia and collaboration applications as secure.
C. The Cisco TrustSec system is an Advanced Network Access Control System that leverages
enforcement intelligence in the network infrastructure.
D. The Cisco TrustSec system tests and certifies all products and product versions that make up the
system as working together in a validated manner.

Answer: C, D

Which three attributes may be configured as part of the Common Tasks panel of an authorization profile in
the Cisco ISE solution? (Choose three.)

B. voice VLAN
C. dACL name
D. voice domain permission

Answer: A, C, D

Which three statements about Cisco Flexible NetFIow are true? (Choose three.)

A. The packet information used to create flows is not configurable by the user.
B. It supports IPv4 and IPv6 packet fields.
C. It tracks all fields of an IPv4 header as well as sections of the data payload.
D. It uses two types of flow cache, normal and permanent.
E. It can be a useful tool in monitoring the network for attacks.

Answer: B, C, E

Which three statements are true regarding RFC 5176 (Change of Authorization)? (Choose three.)

A. It defines a mechanism to allow a RADIUS server to initiate a communication inbound to a NAO.
B. It defines a wide variety of authorization actions, including “reauthenticate.”
C. It defines the format for a Change of Authorization packet.
D. It defines a DIVI.
E. It specifies that TCP port 3799 be used for transport of Change of Authorization packets.

Answer: A, C, D

Click here to view complete Q&A of 400-251 exam
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700-260 Advanced Security Architecture for Account Manager

Increased employee productivity, confidence in data confidentiality, and increased visibility are features
that demonstrate which Cisco business value?

A. Cost effectiveness
B. Protection
C. Control
D. Flexibility
E. Completeness

Answer: C

Which licensing feature enables customers to better manage their software assets and optimize their IT

A. Cisco ONE
B. Smart Accounts
C. Enterprise License Agreements
D. License Bundling

Answer: B

Which Cisco network security solution helps protect against threats by monitoring and responding to any
network anomalies, continually analyzing for potential threats and reacting to them in real time?

A. Cisco Security Manager
B. Cisco ASA Firewall Senrices
C. Cisco ASA Next-Generation Firewall Services
D. Cisco Next-Generation Intrusion Prevention System
E. Cisco Web Security Appliance
F. Cisco Email Security Appliance
G. Cisco Identity Services Engine
H. Cisco Site-to-Site VPN

Answer: D

Which Cisco security technology delivers the best real-time threat intelligence?

A. Cisco Security Intelligence Operations
B. Cisco ASA Next-Generation Firewall Services
C. Cisco Identity Senrices Engine
D. Cisco Security Manager
E. Cisco TrustSec

Answer: A

Click here to view complete Q&A of 700-260 exam
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Best Top-Paying and most in demand for Certifications 2014 – 2015

It’s always a good idea to take stock of your skills, your pay, and your certifications. To that end, following is a review of 15 of the top-paying certifications for 2014. With each certification, you’ll find the average (mean) salary and a brief description.

Based on the 2014 IT Skills and Salary Survey conducted by Global Knowledge and Penton and completed in October 2013, the rankings below are derived from certifications that received the minimum number of responses to be statistically relevant. Certain certifications pay more but are not represented due to their exclusive nature. Examples include Cisco Certified Internetworking Expert (CCIE) and VMware Certified Design Expert (VCDX). This was a nationwide survey, and variations exist based on where you work, years of experience, and company type (government, non profit, etc.).

1. Certified in Risk and Information Systems Control (CRISC) – $118,253
The non-profit group ISACA offers CRISC certification, much in the way that CompTIA manages the A+ and Network+ certifications. Formerly, “ISACA” stood for Information Systems Audit and Control Association, but now they’ve gone acronym only.

The CRISC certification is designed for IT professionals, project managers, and others whose job it is to identify and manage risks through appropriate Information Systems (IS) controls, covering the entire lifecycle, from design to implementation to ongoing maintenance. It measures two primary areas: risk and IS controls. Similar to the IS control lifecycle, the risk area spans the gamut from identification and assessment of the scope and likelihood of a particular risk to monitoring for it and responding to it if/when it occurs.

Since CRISC’s introduction in 2010, more than 17,000 people worldwide have earned this credential, The demand for people with these skills and the relatively small supply of those who have them result in this being the highest salary for any certification on our list this year.

To obtain CRISC certification, you must have at least three years of experience in at least three of the five areas that the certification covers, and you must pass the exam, which is only offered twice a year. This is not a case where you can just take a class and get certified. Achieving CRISC certification requires effort and years of planning.

2. Certified Information Security Manager (CISM) – $114,844

ISACA also created CISM certification. It’s aimed at management more than the IT professional and focuses on security strategy and assessing the systems and policies in place more than it focuses on the person who actually implements those policies using a particular vendor’s platform.

More than 23,000 people have been certified since its introduction in 2002, making it a highly sought after area with a relatively small supply of certified individuals. In addition, the exam is only offered three times a year in one of approximately 240 locations, making taking the exam more of a challenge than many other certification exams. It also requires at least five years of experience in IS, with at least three of those as a security manager. As with CRISC, requirements for CISM certification demand effort and years of planning.

3. Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA) – $112,040
The third highest-paying certification is also from ISACA; this one is for IS auditors. CISA certification is ISACA’s oldest, dating back to 1978, with more than 106,000 people certified since its inception. CISA certification requires at least five years of experience in IS auditing, control, or security in addition to passing an exam that is only offered three times per year.

The CISA certification is usually obtained by those whose job responsibilities include auditing, monitoring, controlling, and/or assessing IT and/or business systems. It is designed to test the candidate’s ability to manage vulnerabilities, ensure compliance with standards, and propose controls, processes, and updates to a company’s policies to ensure compliance with accepted IT and business standards.

4. Six Sigma Green Belt – $109,165
Six Sigma is a process of analyzing defects (anything outside a customer’s specifications) in a production (manufacturing) process, with a goal of no more than 3.4 defects per million “opportunities” or chances for a defect to occur. The basic idea is to measure defects, analyze why they occurred, and then fix the issue and repeat. There is a process for improving existing processes and a slightly modified version for new processes or major changes. Motorola pioneered the concept in the mid-1980s, and many companies have since followed their examples to improve quality.

This certification is different from the others in this list, as it is not IT specific. Instead, it is primarily focused on manufacturing and producing better quality products.

There is no organization that owns Six Sigma certification per se, so the specific skills and number of levels of mastery vary depending on which organization or certifying company is used. Still, the entry level is typically Green Belt and the progression is to Black Belt and Master Black Belt. Champions are responsible for Six Sigma projects across the entire organization and report to senior management.

5. Project Management Professional (PMP) – $108,525
The PMP certification was created and is administered by the Project Management Institute (PMI®), and it is the most recognized project management certification available. There are more than half a million active PMPs in 193 countries worldwide.

The PMP certification exam tests five areas relating to the lifecycle of a project: initiating, planning, executing, monitoring and controlling, and closing. PMP certification is for running any kind of project, and it is not specialized into sub types, such as manufacturing, construction, or IT.

To become certified, individuals must have 35 hours of PMP-related training along with 7,500 hours of project management experience (if they have less than a bachelor’s degree) or 4,500 hours of project management experience with a bachelor’s or higher. PMP certification is another that requires years of planning and effort.

6. Certified Scrum Master – $107,396
Another project management-related certification, Certified Scrum Master is focused on software (application) development.

Scrum is a rugby term; it’s a means for restarting a game after a minor rules violation or after the ball is no longer in play (for example, when it goes out of bounds). In software development, Scrum is a project management process that is designed to act in a similar manner for software (application development) projects in which a customer often changes his or her mind during the development process.

In traditional project management, the request to change something impacts the entire project and must be renegotiated-a time-consuming and potentially expensive way to get the changes incorporated. There is also a single project manager.

In Scrum, however, there is not a single project manager. Instead, the team works together to reach the stated goal. The team should be co-located so members may interact frequently, and it should include representatives from all necessary disciplines (developers, product owners, experts in various areas required by the application, etc.).

Where PMP tries to identify everything up front and plan for a way to get the project completed, Scrum takes the approach that the requirements will change during the project lifecycle and that unexpected issues will arise. Rather than holding up the process, Scrum takes the approach that the problem the application is trying to solve will never be completely defined and understood, so team members must do the best they can with the time and budget available and by quickly adapting to change.

So where does the Scrum Master fit in? Also known as a servant-leader, the Scrum Master has two main duties: to protect the team from outside influences that would impede the project (the servant) and to chair the meetings and encourage the team to continually improve (the leader).

Certified Scrum Master certification was created and is managed by the Scrum Alliance and requires the individual to attend a class taught by a certified Scrum trainer and to pass the associated exam.

7. Citrix Certified Enterprise Engineer (CCEE) – $104,240
The CCEE certification is a legacy certification from Citrix that proves expertise in XenApp 6, XenDesktop 5, and XenServer 6 via the Citrix Certified Administrator (CCS) exams for each, the Citrix Certified Advanced Administrator (CCAA) for XenApp 6, and an engineering (advanced implementation-type) exam around implementing, securing, managing, monitoring, and troubleshooting a complete virtualization solution using Citrix products.

Those certified in this area are encouraged to upgrade their certification to the App and Desktop track instead, which focuses on just XenDesktop, taking one exam to become a Citrix Certified Professional – Apps and Desktops (CCP-AD). At this point though, the CCEE is available as long as the exams are available for the older versions of the products listed.

8. Citrix Certified Administrator (CCA) for Citrix NetScaler – $103,904
The CCA for NetScaler certification has been discontinued for NetScaler 9, and those with a current certification are encouraged to upgrade to the new Citrix Certified Professional – Networking (CCP-N). In any case, those with this certification have the ability to implement, manage, and optimize NetScaler networking performance and optimization, including the ability to support app and desktop solutions. As the Citrix certification program is being overhauled, refer to to view the certifications available, upgrade paths, etc.

9. Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH) – $103,822
The International Council of E-Commerce Consultants (EC-Council) created and manages CEH certification. It is designed to test the candidate’s abilities to prod for holes, weaknesses, and vulnerabilities in a company’s network defenses using techniques and methods that hackers employ. The difference between a hacker and a CEH is that a hacker wants to cause damage, steal information, etc., while the CEH wants to fix the deficiencies found. Given the many attacks, the great volume of personal data at risk, and the legal liabilities possible, the need for CEHs is quite high, hence the salaries offered.

10. ITIL v3 Foundation – $97,682
IT Infrastructure Library (ITIL®) was created by England’s government in the 1980s to standardize IT management. It is a set of best practices for aligning the services IT provides with the needs of the organization. It is broad based, covering everything from availability and capacity management to change and incident management, in addition to application and IT operations management.

It is known as a library because it is composed of a set of books. Over the last 30 years, it has become the most widely used framework for IT management in the world. ITIL standards are owned by AXELOS, a joint venture company created by the Cabinet Office on behalf of Her Majesty’s Government in the United Kingdom and Capita plc, but they have authorized partners who provide education, training, and certification. The governing body defined the certification tiers, but they leave it to the accredited partners to develop the training and certification around that framework.

The Foundation certification is the entry-level one and provides a broad-based understanding of the IT lifecycle and the concepts and terminology surrounding it. Anyone wishing for higher-level certifications must have this level first, thus people may have higher certifications and still list this certification in the survey, which may skew the salary somewhat.

For information on ITIL in general, please refer to Exams for certification are run by ITIL-certified examination institutes as previously mentioned; for a list of them, please refer to

11. Citrix Certified Administrator (CCA) for Citrix XenServer – $97,578
The CCA for XenServer certification is available for version 6 and is listed as a legacy certification, but Citrix has yet to announce an upgrade path to their new certification structure. Those with a CCA for Citrix XenServer have the ability to install, configure, administer, maintain, and troubleshoot a XenServer deployment, including Provisioning Services. As the Citrix certification program is being overhauled, refer to to view the certifications available, upgrade paths, etc.

12. ITIL Expert Certification – $96,194
The ITIL Expert certification builds on ITIL Foundation certification (see number 10 above). It is interesting that ITIL Expert pays less on average than ITIL Foundation certification. Again, I suspect the salary results may be somewhat skewed depending on the certifications actually held and the fact that everyone who is ITIL certified must be at least ITIL Foundation certified.

To become an ITIL Expert, you must pass the ITIL Foundation exam as well as the capstone exam, Managing Across the Lifecycle. Along the way, you will earn intermediate certifications of your choosing in any combination of the Lifecycle and Capability tracks. You must earn at least 22 credits, of which Foundation accounts for two and the Managing Across the Lifecycle exam counts for five. The other exams count for three each (in the Intermediate Lifecycle track) or four each (in the Intermediate Capability track) and can be earned in any order and combination, though the official guide suggests six recommended options. The guide is available at by clicking on the English – ITIL Qualification Scheme Brochure link.

13. Cisco Certified Design Associate (CCDA) – $95,602
Cisco’s certification levels are Entry, Associate, Professional, Expert, and Architect. Those who obtain this Associate-level certification are typically network design engineers, technicians, or support technicians. They are expected to design basic campus-type networks and be familiar with routing and switching, security, voice and video, wireless connectivity, and IP (both v4 and v6). They often work as part of a team with those who have higher-level Cisco certifications.

To achieve CCDA certification, you must have earned one of the following: Cisco Certified Entry Networking Technician (CCENT), the lowest-level certification and the foundation for a career in networking); Cisco Certified Network Associate Routing and Switching (CCNA R&S); or any Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert (CCIE), the highest level of certification at Cisco.
You must also pass a single exam.

14. Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer (MCSE) – $95,276
This certification ranked number 14 with an average salary of $95,505 for those who didn’t list an associated Windows version and $94,922 for those who listed MCSE on Windows 2003, for the weighted average of $95,276 listed above.

The Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer is an old certification and is no longer attainable. It has been replaced by the Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert (yes, also MCSE). The Engineer certification was valid for Windows NT 3.51 – 2003, and the new Expert certification is for Windows 2012. There is an upgrade path if you are currently an MCSA or MCITP on Windows 2008. There is no direct upgrade path from the old MCSE to the new MCSE.

15. Citrix Certified Administrator (CCA) for Citrix XenDesktop – $95,094
The CCA for XenDesktop certification is available for versions 4 (in Chinese and Japanese only) and 5 (in many languages including English). Those with a current certification are encouraged to upgrade to the new Citrix Certified Associate – Apps and Desktops (CCA-AD). In any case, those with this certification have the ability to install, administer, and troubleshoot a XenDesktop deployment, including Provisioning Services and the Desktop Delivery Controller as well as XenServer and XenApp. As the Citrix certification program is being overhauled, refer to to view the certifications available, upgrade paths, etc.

Rounding Out the Top 25

A few popular certifications just missed the Top 15 cut due to a low total number of responses or an average (mean) pay just outside the threshold. Due to their popularity, I have included them for informational purposes.

Certification Average Pay
CISSP: Certified Information Systems Security Professional $114,287

MCSE: Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer 2003 $94,922

RHCSA: Red Hat Certified System Administrator $94,802

VCP-DCV: VMware Certified Professional – Data Center Virtualization $94,515

JNCIA: Juniper Networks Certified Internet Associate $94,492

MCTS: Windows Server 2008 Applications Infrastructure Configuration $91,948

MCITP: Enterprise Administrator $91,280

CCNP: Cisco Certified Network Professional $90,833

WCNA: Wireshark Certified Network Analyst $88,716

CCNA R&S: Cisco Certified Network Associ te Routing and Switching $81,308

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The value of Quality Certification Tutorials

Whichever IT certification you’re pursuing, you can’t effectively attain it without the help of quality certification tutorials. No matter how elementary are the certification, you’ll never pull through the specified examination until you devote a substantial time out of your respective daily routine to your studies and in order to review, you may need quality resource material.

As you can put money into complicated textbooks and also other study material recommended for a certification examination, sometimes going through dozens of details can be difficult, and quite often you may not even get time and energy to make reference to them in any respect. This is especially valid in case you are already an energetic IT professional, and perhaps your work responsibilities are getting in the form of .

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You can find very easy and to see tutorials accessible to many of the most sophisticated concepts in many the IT professional certifications. If you are pursuing certifications such as CompTIA A+, CCNA, CCNP, MCSE, MCSA or other similar qualification standard, you can find certification tutorials to most from the important topics covered in the examination curriculum.

Not simply they may be readable, but could actually allow you to understand a fancy topic in an exceedingly limited time. Even if you are not getting some time to read through your resource book, invariably you could open a brand new tab in your browser at your workplace and look at brief yet comprehensive certification tutorials on the net covering different topics in your field of study.

It is simple to find quality certification tutorials without having to pay anything on the internet. In reality, you could find websites and blogs committed to certification tutorials regarding various fields from it for instance networking, system administration, application development, server management and more. Be sure you maximize these tutorials before you take your examination.

Being a Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist (MCTS)

There’s an unprecedented role of Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist (MCTS) in the gamut of industries. Organizations with Microsoft MCSA Certification solutions, especially are better positioned to prosper even in the troubled times like these. Not merely enterprise but at individual level Microsoft Certified Professionals (MCPs) have reaped most of the benefits in comparison with any information technology vendor.

As the economies are not any healthier yet and professionals are also facing downturn in different regions of the globe, Microsoft technologies, still, are well placed to lend security, stability and efficiency to both certified professionals and businesses.

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That said, having decided to pursue Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist (MCTS) track or respective exams brings a hard consideration of estimated cost, time span and failure and success. After taking MCTS certification path, your commitment for gaining the credential is the key that would take you there. Failure after months of work out in course training and breaking busy day to day schedule does not feel good at the same time. Leave alone the loads of money gone into buying courseware and books. You may have conceptual understanding mcse exam and hands-on lab experience with training and book study but achieving the certification in the first go requires something else as well.

Self study, on the other hand, has helped countless become MCTS at dramatically low time and expense. Questions and answers, practice test, study guides, Microsoft tutorials, audio and video exams, prep labs and ebooks are some tools that are nowadays in common use for self-learning. This mode of learning is more suited to busy professionals and bears high success rate and affordability when compared with conventional course training. There are some quality resources online that can help gather fundamental skills and abilities that the exam demands.

But experience has it that best-earned Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist (MCTS) certificate is that where you won’t have to be embarrassed when faced with real time situation on the job. Certification may launch you in the job but without real MCTS capabilities you won’t find any stability. The ideal case in

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training and when you feel confident enough for the final exam go online and find latest materials and testing software, exclusively developed for last-minute mcitp enterprise administrator preparation. Such tools can help analyze your performance-level and work out with the weak areas before stepping into the exam room.

Robots v. humans: Real steel or dumb metal?

Robots are making huge strides in space, on the ocean floor and even in the dentist office

Right from the start let’s agree that the argument of humans or robots is getting close to being a dead heat in some areas. With advances in artificial intelligence and complex software, many robots are close to performing some duties better than their human counterparts.


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For example, NASA and General Motors built the 300 pound Robonaut2 – or R2 – a robot that is capable of using the same tools as humans and now works alongside them in space onboard the International Space Station. R2 can use its hands to do work beyond the scope of prior humanoid machines and can easily work safely alongside people, a necessity both on Earth and in space, NASA stated. It is also stronger: able to lift, not just hold, a 20-pound weight (about four times heavier than what other dexterous robots can handle) both near and away from its body. Granted the robot takes up valuable space station space, but it doesn’t have to be fed or go to the bathroom – major advantages in space.


Other robots such as the Octoroach being developed by UC Berkeley researchers can crawl into all manner of super-secret surveillance or emergency recovery applications that the human body just could not. The Octoroach is an eight-legged, sensor-laden, battery-powered device that can find its own way around a room and climb over obstacles. Its compliant, rather than rigid legs let it effectively mimic a cockroach scrambling across the floor.

Other robots such the REMUS 6000 autonomous underwater system recently conducted a 3,900 square mile search of Atlantic Ocean bottom looking for the deep-sea wreck site and black boxes from Air France Flight 447, which crashed off the coast of Brazil two years ago. The autonomous undersea vehicles are designed to operate in depths up to 6,000 meters (19,685 feet or 3.73 miles) and are capable of staying underwater for up to 20 hours. Human searches of the area never found anything, but the bots did.

But while robots can in certain areas achieve what humans cannot, you only have to look as far as say the products that are thought of and designed by the humans at Apple. Or look at the way humans can interact as a group to bring about social change -at least sometimes anyway. Getting robots to act as a group is a science that is only beginning to take shape.

Humans, at least some of them, still have feelings and emotions that robots just cannot mimic. Though some robots are getting close. Japanese researchers this year showed off a dentistry-training robot that can flinch, gag, blink and try to carry on a conversation with cotton stuffed in its mouth – effectively mimicking a real human visit to the dentist.

Still the notion that robots will at some point outperform us all is an interesting though scary proposition. In the current movie “Real Steel” a washed up boxer “teaches” a “sparing bot” how to fight in the ring with success. But in the movie the humans take control over the bots from time-to-time to help them box. Still, for purposes of our human v. robot argument, the movie was set in 2020 and the idea that robots could learn and perform boxing as a skill no longer seems that far-fetched.

How to Delete an Account from Any Website

Deleting accounts you’ve created on Facebook, Google, and elsewhere on the Web isn’t always easy. Here are detailed instructions for leaving 30 of the most popular online services.


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The words “I wish I could quit you” take on a whole new meaning when you want out of a relationship with an online service. Sure, you once thought you would be together forever, but eventually terms of service change, end-user license agreements mature, and, well, you’re just not in the same place anymore.

Sadly, not all websites and social networks are created equal when it comes to breaking up. With some, it takes only a couple of clicks to say good-bye, and for a few sites, if you stop paying for service, the site cut ties fairly quickly. Others make you jump through more hoops than a tiger at the circus. Even after you follow all of the required steps, some of these sites never quite separate from you, but keep vestiges of your relationship around forever.

No matter what you call it—deleting, canceling, removing, whatever—when you want to be rid of an online account, you’ll find most sites don’t feel obliged to make it too easy for you. After all, you don’t want to rush into a break up. But if you’re ready, we’ve cut to the chase as much as possible to give you the links, tips, and, in the most extreme cases, the phone numbers you need to sever ties.

Certkingdom now offers training on Cisco Firewall Security Specialist

Certkingdom Solutions, World’s #1 offshore IT Training and Certification company, now offers training for Cisco Firewall Security Specialist.


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The Cisco Firewall Specialist certification training recognizes security professionals who have attained specialized in-depth expertise and proven knowledge of the recommended best practices in designing, implementing, maintaining, and troubleshooting network security solutions using the Cisco ASA adaptive security appliance technologies. The Cisco ASA adaptive security appliance is a best-of-class security appliance, widely deployed, and in use at leading enterprises and service providers worldwide.

The Cisco Firewall Security Specialist certification is recognized as the benchmark security product certification for engineers, consultants, and architects who configure advanced Cisco firewalls and virtual private network (VPN) solutions, including advanced access control, advanced application inspections and controls, IP Security (IPsec) remote access VPN, clientless Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) remote access VPN, Cisco AnyConnect full-tunnel SSL remote-access VPN, IPsec site-to-site VPNs, high availability, and failover features.

Cisco Firewall Security Specialist training is conducted using real Cisco equipment.

Following equipment is available for the classes:
• Router: 3640, 2621XM, 2811, 2821
• Switch: 2950, 3550, 3560, 3750
• ASA: 5510 with Security Plus License
• Software: ASA 8.xx, ASDM 6.xx, VPN Client, SDM

For more information, visit:

Certkingdom is Cisco Learning Associate and the courses are run using the Official Curriculum.
Certkingdom offers training on all popular certifications, including CCNA, CCNP, CCVP, CCIE, Oracle 11g,10g & 9i, SQL Server, Adobe Dreamweaver, Adobe Flash, Adobe Photoshop, VMware, MCSE, MCPD, MCTS, MCITP, RHCE and SCJP. For more information, visit
For more information, visit:

Note to Editors:
About Certkingdom: Certkingdom is a reputed company based in India providing offshore IT training and certification. Established in 1993, Certkingdom has more than 15 years of vast experience in Instruction Led Training. Certkingdom is a Microsoft Gold Certified Partner for Learning Solutions Certkingdom is an authorized training partner of Checkpoint, Cisco, Oracle, Adobe, Red Hat, VMware, Novell, LPI, CIW, CWNP, EC-Council and SCP. Certkingdom is also an Authorized Testing Centre of Prometric and Vue.

Certkingdom offers quality of training, small batch size, convenient start dates, holiday experience, flexibility and much more. Participants from all over the world (57 countries last count) regularly travel to Certkingdom to upgrade their skills at 50% of prices in USA and Europe.

Certkingdom Solutions has been rated the Best Place to Work for 2010 in the Education and Training Industry. The study was conducted by The Economic Times, India’s leading business daily and Great Places to Work.

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